Question: What Are The Two Ethical Theories?

What are the 5 moral principles?

Moral Principles The five principles, autonomy, justice, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and fidelity are each absolute truths in and of themselves..

What are the 6 ethical theories?

Terms in this set (6)Virtue Ethics – Aristotle (teleological) – Maintain a virtuous disposition. … Natural Law – Aquinas (teleological) … Categorical Imperative – Kant (deontological) … Utilitarianism – Mill (teleological) … Theory of Justice – Rawls (deontological) … Prima Facie Duties – Ross (deontological)

What are 4 ethical theories?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues. The deontological class of ethical theories states that people should adhere to their obliga- tions and duties when engaged in decision making when ethics are in play.

What are the 3 basic types of ethical issues?

Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Metaethics investigates where our ethical principles come from, and what they mean.

What are the 3 types of ethics?

The three schools are virtue ethics, consequentialist ethics, and deontological or duty-based ethics.

What are the 7 principles of ethics?

There are seven principles that form the content grounds of our teaching framework:Non-maleficence. … Beneficence. … Health maximisation. … Efficiency. … Respect for autonomy. … Justice. … Proportionality.

What is Kant’s approach to ethics?

Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory developed by German philosopher Immanuel Kant that is based on the notion that: “It is impossible to think of anything at all in the world, or indeed even beyond it, that could be considered good without limitation except a good will.” The theory was developed as …

What are the 2 ethical systems?

Ethical systems can generally be broken down into three categories: deontological, teleological and virtue-based ethics. The first two are considered deontic or action-based theories of morality because they focus entirely on the actions which a person performs.

What is the best ethical theory?

UtilitarianismUtilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.

What are the 3 principles of utilitarianism?

There are three principles that serve as the basic axioms of utilitarianism.Pleasure or Happiness Is the Only Thing That Truly Has Intrinsic Value. … Actions Are Right Insofar as They Promote Happiness, Wrong Insofar as They Produce Unhappiness. … Everyone’s Happiness Counts Equally.

What are the 3 main theories of ethics?

These three theories of ethics (utilitarian ethics, deontological ethics, virtue ethics) form the foundation of normative ethics conversations. It is important, however, that public relations professionals also understand how to apply these concepts to the actual practice of the profession.

What is the most common and recognized ethical theory?

In fact, the theorems of formal ethics could be seen as a largest common subset of most widely recognized ethical theories, in that none of its axioms (with the possible exception of rationality) is controversial among philosophers of ethics.

What are the two major ethical theories?

The normative ethical theories that are briefly covered in this chapter are:Utilitarianism.Deontology.Virtue ethics.Ethics of care.Egoism.Religion or divine command theory.Natural Law.Social contract theory.More items…

What are the ethical theories?

Theoretical ethics—or ethical theory—is the systematic effort to understand moral concepts and justify moral principles and theories. Applied ethics deals with controversial moral problems, such as questions about the morality of abortion, premarital sex, capital punishment, euthanasia, and animal rights.

What are the 5 ethical theories?

Five Moral Principles of Decision MakingRespect Autonomy: Individuals have the right to decide how they live their lives, as long as their actions do not interfere with the welfare of others. … Do No Harm: … Help Others: … Be Just: … Be Trustworthy: