Question: What Are The 4 Ways To Extinguish A Fire?

What size fire should you not tackle?

Remember that a fire can double in size every 60 seconds.

If the fire involves any flammable solvents, covers more than 60 square feet, or cannot be reached from a standing position, evacuate immediately and call the Fire Brigade..

What is the best defense against fire?

Clothing made of polyester (e.g.: lab coats) can melt on the skin when ignited. If possible, tear the clothing off the employee, throw it on the floor, cover it with a fire blanket and stomp on it to extinguish the flames.

Do burn victims feel pain?

All burn injuries are painful. First-degree or very superficial partial-thickness burns may damage only the outer layers of the skin (the epidermis) but they cause mild pain and discomfort, especially when something such as clothing rubs against the burned area.

How do you extinguish a fire fast?

Turn off the device, close the door, and watch it closely. Closing it off and eliminating the heat source should make small fires die down quickly. Get your fire extinguisher and watch it closely. If the fire doesn’t die down, open the door very carefully and spray it with the extinguisher to put the fire out.

What is the first thing you should do in a fire?

Remember to GET OUT, STAY OUT and CALL 9-1-1 or your local emergency phone number. Yell “Fire!” several times and go outside right away. If you live in a building with elevators, use the stairs. Leave all your things where they are and save yourself.

What are the 5 main types of fire extinguishers?

There are five main types of fire extinguishers:Water.Powder.Foam.Carbon Dioxide (CO2).Wet chemical.

What are the 4 types of fires?

Classes of fireClass A – fires involving solid materials such as wood, paper or textiles.Class B – fires involving flammable liquids such as petrol, diesel or oils.Class C – fires involving gases.Class D – fires involving metals.Class E – fires involving live electrical apparatus. (More items…

What is required to extinguish any fire?

Sodium bicarbonate, regular or ordinary used on class B and C fires, was the first of the dry chemical agents developed. In the heat of a fire, it releases a cloud of carbon dioxide that smothers the fire. That is, the gas drives oxygen away from the fire, thus stopping the chemical reaction.

Can salt put out a fire?

Salt will smother the fire almost as well as covering it with a lid, while baking soda chemically extinguishes it. But you’ll need a lot of each–toss on handfuls with abandon until the flame subsides. Avoid using flour or baking powder, which can explode in the flames instead of snuffing them out.

What should you not do in case of a fire?

5 things you should never do in a fireBreaking windows. … Opening hot doors. … Returning for your belongings. … Hiding. … Do not use lifts. … Use the appropriate fire extinguisher. … Call the emergency services. … Escape.More items…

Can milk put out a fire?

Some experts say milk also can cause a fireball or explosion when put on a grease fire. The only way milk can put out a grease fire is if such a vast quantity of milk is used that it completely submerges the fire, causing the fire to run out of oxygen.

Does sugar put out fire?

Do Not Use ANYTHING Other than Baking Soda – Ingredients like flour or sugar can make the fire much worse and can actually cause a small explosion. Only baking soda can help put out a grease fire.

Is there a chemical formula for fire?

The heat of the flame will keep remaining fuel at ignition temperature. The flame ignites gases being emitted, and the fire spreads. As long as there is enough fuel and oxygen, the fire keeps burning. Fuel + oxygen (from the air) = combustion products (mainly CO2 + H2O) + heat energy.

What are the three ways to extinguish a fire?

The basic methods for extinguishing a fire are to suffocate it by ensuring that it cannot have access to oxygen, to cool it with a liquid such as water which reduces the heat or finally to remove the fuel or oxygen source, effectively removing one of the three elements of fire.

What are the 2 golden rules when fighting a fire?

When considering whether to tackle a small fire yourself if you discover one, always bear in mind the golden rule of fire safety; If in doubt, get out, stay out and call the Fire Brigade immediately.

What are 5 classes of fire?

Fires can be classified in five different ways depending on the agent that fuels them: Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class K. Each type of fire involves different flammable materials and requires a special approach. In fact, trying to fight a blaze with the wrong method might make the situation worse.

When should I fight a fire?

Only fight a fire if: The fire is small and contained. You are safe from toxic smoke. You have a means of escape. Your instincts tell you it’s OK.

What are the 6 classes of fire?

There are 6 different classes of fire, and each should be attacked in a different way.Class A (Solids) Class A fires are fires involving solids. … Class B (Liquids) Class B fires are fires involving liquids. … Class C (Gases) … Class D (Metals) … Electrical Fires. … Class F (Cooking Fats & Oils)

Does water put out fire?

Water cools and smothers the fire at the same time. It cools it so much that it can’t burn anymore, and it smothers it so that it can’t make any more of the oxygen in the air explode. You can also put out a fire by smothering it with dirt, sand, or any other covering that cuts the fire off from its oxygen source.

What is the difference between ABC and co2 fire extinguisher?

ABC Powder is a multi-purpose extinguisher medium suitable for all classes of fire, however although effective, a Powder Extinguisher will leave a residue that can damage sensitive electrical equipment. If this is a concern it may be wise to use a CO2 Extinguisher.

Who is most at risk in a fire?

Adults ages 85 or older had the highest risk of fire death. had a greater relative risk of fire injury than the general population. had an elevated risk of both fire death and injury when compared to older children (ages 5 to 14).

What is the main cause of death in fire?

Smoke inhalationSmoke inhalation is the most common cause of death in house fires. When a fire occurs in a home, occupants can quickly be overcome by smoke and unable to reach nearby exits.

What is ABC in fire extinguisher?

ABC Fire Extinguishers use monoammonium phosphate, a dry chemical with the ability to quickly put out many different types of fires by smothering the flames. This pale, yellow powder can put out all three classes of fire: Class A is for trash, wood, and paper. Class B is for liquids and gases.

How do you fight with fire?

The most common method is to use water to put out the fire. The water takes away heat by cooling the fire. Water also smothers the fire, taking away oxygen. Some firefighters use foam as an alternative to water.

When should you not throw water on a fire?

Do not put water on a grease fire. Pouring water on burning grease or oil will not extinguish the fire. It will only cause the burning oil to splash, spreading the grease fire around.

What are 3 classes of fire?

Types of FiresClass A Fires. involve common combustibles such as wood, paper, cloth, rubber, trash and plastics.Class B Fires. involve flammable liquids, solvents, oil, gasoline, paints, lacquers and other oil-based products.Class C Fires. … Class D Fires. … Class K Fires.